Outcomes for many individuals with autism are poor. Provision of accommodations and supports in the areas of employment, mental health, and education continues to lag behind the needs of people on the spectrum. In order to be effective, those who work with autism individuals need to expand their approach and adapt well-worn strategies. Furthermore, people on the spectrum often cope with the sense of being different and feeling the need to mask those differences along with a sense of shame. Addressing these feelings and the characteristics of autism itself is central to improving outcomes and developing self-care strategies.
For years, practitioners have known that a comprehensive approach to intervention is considered “best practice.” The Ziggurat Model, a framework for developing comprehensive interventions, employs evidenced-based strategies on five levels based on key needs associated with autism. Each of the levels directs attention to evidence-based strategies including sensory regulation, reinforcement, visual supports, predictability, and deliberate practice.
Participants will learn the five questions as a framework for developing comprehensive program to improve outcomes. This framework is beneficial both to individuals on the spectrum and those who support them. The strategies discussed can be readily applied in daily life. Participants will be better able to anticipate challenges and identify needed supports.
Participants will be able to:
- List the five questions that guide individuals on the spectrum and providers in developing effective supports and improving outcomes.
- Describe emotional and social stressors that often contribute to low self-esteem.
- Identify effective strategies to address emotional needs related to autism.
Self-Help Strategies to Improve Outcomes for Adolescents and Adults on the Spectrum
Individuals on the spectrum benefit from learning a framework for recognizing their own needs and identifying helpful strategies. Through learning to ask and answer five key categories of questions, one can take develop supports and improve outcomes.